Sudhansu Shekher Mahato


Research Scholar, Department of Sociology, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar

City – zip:

Sambalpur, Orissa - 768019




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He has worked in the capacity of Research Investigator in Xavier Institute of Social Service, Ranchi for about two and half years. -During this tenure, he made extensive fieldwork in remote-rural-urban areas for socio-economic survey and the concurrent evaluation of government development programmes under the Ministry of Rural Areas and Employment, Government of India. Apart from this, participated in project works on behalf of Bihar (now Jharkhand state) Tribal Welfare Research Institute, Ranchi, All India Radio, Ranchi and Indian Social Institute, New Delhi


Post Graduation in Sociology as well as M.Phil, (first class first) from Ranchi University, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India. At present persuing his Ph.D. in Sociology from Sambalpur University, Orissa, India




Contributed a number of papers in different books and journals. He is a life member of Indian Anthropological Society, Calcutta and also a member of Jharkhand Sociological Society, Ranchi.\r\n




ISSN: 2249 3433


The word tribe is variously used in literature to denote a community on the basis of homogeneity. Originally many autochthonous communities who were identified by similar culture, social organisation and governance, living away from the main stream life of a country, were mentioned as tribe by their colonial rulers and Western scholars. Many such communities have moved towards the mainstream lifestyle so that they may no longer be identified as secluded, underdeveloped people with queer customs. This has happened to all areas of the world where tribal communities live. Still, many tribal communities lead their lives in very primitive ways devoid of the techno-economic glamour of contemporary civilization. These communities are labeled as "Primitive Tribal Groups". Indian Government has identified such tribal groups to give special attention to their development, whereas in the Indian Constitution all the tribal groups are recognized as "scheduled tribes".


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